Notre Dame de Paris
Notre-Dame indeed dates back to the XIIIth century and is one of the
masterpieces of Gothic art in Western Europe. Its stainglasses and the
huge interior are really stunning artistic experiences of mystical dimension.
Located on the Cite island and surrounded by the Seine river, Notre-Dame
is a flagship in the Parisian landscape and provides a magnificent view
of the city from the top of its towers.
The site of the Notre dame is the cradle of Paris and had been the religious center of the city. The Celts had their sacred ground here, the Romans built a temple to worship Jupiter. A Christian basilica was built in the 6th century and the last religious structure before the Notre-Dame construction started was a Romanesque church.
Maurice de Sully started the construction in 1163. The Cathedral was
to be built in the new gothic style and had to reflect Paris's status
as the capital of the Kingdom France. It was the first cathedral built
on a monumental scale and became the prototype for future cathedrals
in France, like the cathedrals of Amiens, Chartres or Rheims, just to
name the most famous.
It took until 1345 before the cathedral was completed, partly because
the design was enlarged during construction. The result is an overwhelming
building 130m long with two 70 meters tall towers. The spire, which
reaches 90m, was added in the 19th century by Viollet-le-Duc. The Notre-Dame
has several large rose windows, the northern 13th century window is
the most impressive. It is 21 meters high.
Excavations under the parvis have revealed traces of Notre-Dame's history from Gallo-Roman times to the 19th century. Vestiges of Roman ramparts, rooms heated by hypocaust (an ancient system with underground furnaces and tile flues), medieval cellars, and the foundations of a foundling hospital are displayed, as are several fascinating photographs of the surrounding neighborhood before Baron Haussmann's renovations.
Place du Parvis de Notre-Dame, Paris 4e
How to get there
Metro line 4 : Cité, St-Michel
RER B or C : St-Michel
Informations, hours, entrance fees & acces map
Hotel near the Notre Dame de Paris
Dechampaigne Paris Marais
Bernard St Germain Paris
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